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Pūķgalve mārsila
05.07.2011, 12:07
Pūķgalve mārsila
Mārsila pūķgalve / Dracocephalum thymiflorum L

Apraksts

Dracocephalum thymiflorum L. Mārsila pūķgalve. Viengadīgs, sīks, neliels vai vidējs (ga 10-60 cm) lūpziežu dzimtas lakstaugs. Stublājs stāvs, apmatots, nereti zaro pie pamata vai cero. Lapas iegareni olveidīgas (ga 2-5 cm, pl 0.7-3 cm), augšējās sēdošas, apakšējās ar īsu kātu, uz stublāja pretējas. Plātnes mala attāli zobaina, gals strups. Seglapas līdzīgas stublāja lapām, tikai sīkākas, ar gludu malu. Ziedi pušķos augšējo lapu žāklēs. Ziedkopa un lapojums ziedkopas līmenī blīvs. Vainags zils (ga 0.7-0.9 cm), tas tikai mazliet garāks nekā kauss. Vainaga augšlūpa mazliet velvēta. Kausa zobiņi smaili, augšējais zobiņš platāks nekā pārējie. Kausam 15 dzīslas. Auglis - brūnu, grumbuļainu riekstiņu skaldauglis. Zied no maija beigām līdz jūlijam. Austrumeiropā un Rietumāzijā sastopama suga. Eiropas centrālajā un rietumu daļā retumis tiek ievazāta kā nezāle. Latvijā diezgan rets adventīvs augs, pārsvarā valsts austrumdaļā. Atsevišķi eksemplāri un nelielas grupas dažādās sausās nezālienēs un uz dzelzceļiem. Ļoti līdzīga vienreiz atrastajai nokarenajai pūķgalvei (D. nutans). Atšķirama pēc tā, ka ir viengadīga (nevis daudzgadīga), zieda vainags mazliet (nevis 2-4 reizes) garāks nekā kauss.

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